Sunday, May 19, 2019

Bound expression and Unbound expression

We have two type of expression Bound expression and Unbound expression which we use to perform data binding in lightning components.

To understand better let us take an example of two lightning component.

1) c:ParentComp

Let assume ParentComp has an attribute parentAttributeName.

2)c:ChildComp

Let assume ChildComp has an attribute childAttributeName.

Bound expression:

{!v.parentAttributeName} is a bound expression. Any change to the value of the childAttributeName attribute in child component also changes the value of parentAttributeName attribute in parent component and vice versa.

ParentComp:

<aura:component>

    <aura:attribute name="parentAttributeName" type="String" default="Parent Value"/>

   <p> Value of the Parent attribute:{!v.parentAttributeName}</p>

    <c:ChildComp childAttributeName="{!v.parentAttributeName}" />   <!--Bound Expression-->

    <lightning:button label="Change parent attribute value"
          onclick="{!c.ChangeParentAttributeValue}"/>

</aura:component>

Parentcomp.js

({
ChangeParentAttributeValue : function(component, event, helper) {
       
        component.set("v.parentAttributeName","Changed to parent value");
       
}

})

ChildComp:

<aura:component>

    <aura:attribute name="childAttributeName" type="String" />

    Value of Child attribute:{!v.childAttributeName}

    <lightning:button label="Change child attribute value"
          onclick="{!c.ChangeChildAttributeValue}"/>
</aura:component>

ChildComp.js

({
ChangeChildAttributeValue : function(component, event, helper) {
       
        component.set("v.childAttributeName","Changed to child value");
     
}
})

Application:

<aura:application extends="force:slds" >
    <c:ParentComp/>
   
</aura:application>

**********************************************************************************************************

Output after previewing application,



Bound expression and Unbound expression


**********************************************************************************************************
Output after clicking "Change child attribute value" button,

Bound expression and Unbound expression

**********************************************************************************************************
Output after clicking "Change parent attribute value" button,

Bound expression and Unbound expression
**********************************************************************************************************

Unbound expression:

{#v.parentAttributeName} is a Unbound expression. Any change to the value of the childAttributeName attribute in child component has no effect on the value of parentAttributeName attribute in parent component and vice versa.

ParentComp:

<aura:component>
    <aura:attribute name="parentAttributeName" type="String" default="Parent Value"/>
   <p> Value of the Parent attribute:{!v.parentAttributeName}</p>
    <c:ChildComp childAttributeName="{#v.parentAttributeName}" />    <!--Unbound Expression-->
    <lightning:button label="Change parent attribute value"
          onclick="{!c.ChangeParentAttributeValue}"/>
</aura:component>


ParentComp.js:

({
ChangeParentAttributeValue : function(component, event, helper) {
       
        component.set("v.parentAttributeName","Changed to parent value");
       
}
})



ChildComp:

<aura:component>
    <aura:attribute name="childAttributeName" type="String" />
    <p>Value of Child attribute:{!v.childAttributeName}</p>
    <lightning:button label="Change child attribute value"
          onclick="{!c.ChangeChildAttributeValue}"/>
</aura:component>


ChildComp.js:

({
ChangeChildAttributeValue : function(component, event, helper) {
       
        component.set("v.childAttributeName","Changed to child value");
     
}
})


Application:

<aura:application extends="force:slds" >
    <c:ParentComp/>
   
</aura:application>

**********************************************************************************************************

Output after previewing application,

Bound expression and Unbound expression


**********************************************************************************************************
Output after clicking "Change child attribute value" button,
Bound expression and Unbound expression




**********************************************************************************************************
Output after clicking "Change parent attribute value" button,

Bound expression and Unbound expression


**********************************************************************************************************

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